Options Resource Clinic
Options Resource Clinic

Considering Abortion?

Understanding the Procedures

It may seem like abortion will wipe away this situation and you can just move on. However, abortion is more than just a simple medical procedure. For many women, it is a life changing event with significant physical, emotional, and spiritual consequences. Click the photo for a video with additional information.

First Trimester Medication Abortion

This type of abortion can be performed between 1-10 weeks of pregnancy.  Although less invasive than surgical abortion, there are still several considerations.

First Trimester Surgical Abortion

This type of abortion can be performed during the first trimester between 5-13 weeks of pregnancy.  

Second Trimester Surgical Abortion

This type of abortion can be performed between 13-24 weeks of pregnancy.  It is more involved than a first trimester surgical abortion and carries higher risks.

Third Trimester Surgical Abortion

The most invasive and highest risk type of abortion, this procedure can be performed from 25 weeks of pregnancy until full term.  

The Risks of Abortion

Immediate Risks of Abortion:  

  • Bleeding - Some bleeding after abortion is normal. However, if the cervix is torn or the uterus is punctured, there is a risk of severe bleeding known as hemorrhaging. When this happens, a blood transfusion may be required. Severe bleeding is also a risk with the use of the abortion pill: one in 100 women require surgery to stop the bleeding.
  • Infection - Infection can develop from the insertion of medical instruments into the uterus, or from fetal body parts that are mistakenly left inside (known as an incomplete abortion). This may cause bleeding and a pelvic infection requiring antibiotics and a repeat abortion to fully empty the uterus. Infection may cause scarring of the pelvic organs. Use of the abortion pill has resulted in the death of a number of women due to sepsis (total body infection).
  • Damage to Organs - The cervix and/or uterus may be cut, torn, or damaged by abortion instruments. This may cause excessive bleeding requiring surgical repair. Curettes and other abortion instruments may cause permanent scarring of the uterine lining. The risk of these types of complications increases with the length of the pregnancy. If complications occur, major surgery may be required, including removal of the uterus (known as a hysterectomy). If the uterus is punctured or torn, there is also a risk that damage may occur to nearby organs such as the bowel and bladder.
  • Death - In extreme cases, complications from abortion (excessive bleeding, infection, organ damage from a perforated uterus, and adverse reactions to anesthesia) may lead to death. This complication is rare.

Long Term Risks of Abortion:  

  • Abortion and Preterm Birth - Women who undergo one or more induced abortions carry a significantly increased risk of delivering prematurely in the future. Premature delivery is associated with higher rates of cerebral palsy, as well as other complications of premature birth (brain, respiratory, bowel, and eye problems).
  • Abortion and Breast Cancer - Medical experts continue to debate the association between abortion and breast cancer. Did you know that carrying a pregnancy to full term gives a measure of protection against breast cancer? Terminating a pregnancy results in loss of that protection. Despite the controversy around this issue, it is important for women to know what some experts say: a number of reliable studies have demonstrated connection between abortion and later development of breast cancer. 
  • Emotional and Psychological Impact - Following abortion, many women experience initial relief. The perceived crisis is over and life returns to normal. For many women, however, the crisis isn't over. Months and even years later, significant problems develop. There is evidence that abortion is associated with a decrease in both emotional and physical health, long term.